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How to solve this differentiation equation? $$\sin^2 x {d^2y \over dx^2} = 2 y$$ I don't know how to begin. Can it be any simpler than this?

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up vote 2 down vote accepted

Cleaning up Maple's solution, I get

$$ y \left( x \right) ={\frac {c_{{1}} \left( \cos \left( 2\,x \right) +1 \right) }{\sin \left( 2\,x \right) }}+{\frac {c_{{2}} \left( x\cos \left( 2\,x \right) -\sin \left( 2\,x \right) +x \right) }{\sin \left( 2\,x \right) }} $$

I can't imagine that anyone would assign that differential equation as homework to be solved by hand. Are you sure the assignment requires solving the differential equation in closed form?

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I think it is better to exhibit the solution as $$y\left( x \right) = {c_1}\cot x + {c_2}\left( {x\cot x - 1} \right)$$ –  Pedro Tamaroff Jul 27 '12 at 19:06
    
@PeterTamaroff how did you get that? solution according to book is $$ y \tan (x) = c_1(\tan x - x) + c_2 $$ same as yours –  Santosh Linkha Jul 27 '12 at 19:09
    
I just rewrote Robert's solution using $\cot(2x)+\csc(2x)=\cot(x)$ –  Pedro Tamaroff Jul 27 '12 at 19:11
    
Oh ... any idea on how to arrive at that solution? –  Santosh Linkha Jul 27 '12 at 19:14
1  
I'm thinking! =) –  Pedro Tamaroff Jul 27 '12 at 19:15
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