How to show that this equation:
Has infinitely many relatively prime integral solutions
The number $z^4+1$ is a sum of two relatively prime squares. Let $z$ be the sum of two relatively prime squares. Then the product $(z^4+1)z$ is a sum of two squares, by the Brahmagupta identity $$(s^2+t^2)(u^2+v^2)=(su\pm tv)^2+(sv\mp tu)^2.$$
Now we take care of the relatively prime part. Suppose that $m$ has a representation as a sum of two squares, but no primitive representation. Then $m$ is divisible by $4$ or by some prime of the form $4k+3$. In our case, primes of the form $4k+3$ are irrelevant. And if $z$ is a sum of two relatively prime squares, then $(z^4+1)z$ cannot be divisible by $4$.
So pick for example $z$ a power of $5$, or a prime of the form $4k+1$.
It is necessary to write down the formula!
In the equation:
I think this formula should be written in a more general form:
And yet another formula:
$a,b$ - arbitrary integers.
Solutions can be written as follows:
where $a,b$ - any integers asked us.
Well, a simple solution: