# Maximum principle for harmonic functions in unbounded domains

We demonstrated the weak maximum principle for harmonic functions in bounded domains, proving it first considering the case u subharmonic, then approximating in this way: choose $v(x)=x_1^2-M$ so that $\Delta v>0$ and $v<0$. Consider $u_{\epsilon}(x)=u(x)-\epsilon v(x)$ which is subharmonic so the principle holds, and taking the limit for $\epsilon$ to 0 we obtain also the case u harmonic. This proof depends essentially in the fact that the domain is bounded so we can choose a negative subarmonic $v$. Can we prove it also if the domain is not bounded? Of course if it is included in a strip we can, but otherwise? So the question moves essentially to the existence of a negative subharmonic function, which i couldn't find..

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## 1 Answer

The key term is the Phragmén-Lindelöf principle. The Wikipedia article talks only about the holomorphic functions. For subharmonic functions, see these notes (which seem to have origin in Potential theory in the complex plane by Ransford).

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