# Two question on harmonic function

In a question paper I got the following two questions.

1. $u(z)=u(x,y)$ be a harmonic function in $\mathbb{C}$ satisfying $u(z)\le a|\ln|z||+b$ for some positive constants $a,b$ and for all complex numbers. Show that $u$ is constant.
2. If for all complex numbers, $u(z)\le |z|^n$ for some $n\in \mathbb{N}$, then $u$ is a polynomial in $x,y$.

I am completely stuck with this one.

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Do you know the Greens function for $\mathbb{R}^2$? This might help with 1 (did not check the details, though). – user20266 Jun 14 '12 at 5:39
Dear Sir, I dont know about greens function – Un Chien Andalou Jun 14 '12 at 5:40
What results do you know about harmonic functions in general? – Did Jun 14 '12 at 8:43
since $u$ is harmonic in $\mathbb{C}$ then there exist a harmonic conjugate $v$ such that $g(z)=u+iv$ is entire. – Un Chien Andalou Jun 14 '12 at 8:58

## 1 Answer

Let $f(z)$ be an entire function such that $\Re(f(z))=u(z)$.

First question. Let $g(z)=e^{f(z)}$. Then $$0<|g(z)|\le e^{a|\ln|z|\,|+b}=e^b|z|^a\qquad\forall z\in\mathbb{C}.$$ It follows that $g$ is a polynomial of degree $\le a$. Since it never vanishes, it must be a constant, and so must $f$ and $u$.

Second question We need to bound the modulus of a holomorphic function in terms of its real part. For this we use the Borel-Carathéodory theorem. From it it is easy to deduce that $$|f(z)|\le C\,|z|^n$$ for some constant $C>0$. It follows that $f$ is a polynomial of degree $\le n$ and hence so is $u$.

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Thank you julian, specially for the second one.I did not know about BCT. – Un Chien Andalou Jun 14 '12 at 12:55