Mathematics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

A question says, find the closure and interior of the sets $\mathbb{R} \times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{R} \times \mathbb{Q}$. The answers say $\mathbb{R}^2$ and $\emptyset$ respectively for both. Why isn't the interior of $\mathbb{R} \times \mathbb{Q}$, $\mathbb{R} \times \emptyset$ because the interior of $\mathbb{R}$ is $\mathbb{R}$? Does $\mathbb{R} \times \emptyset$ even make sense as a set?

Edit: For clarity I mean in $\mathbb{R}^2$ with the usual topology. I was told one should always assume the usual topology when it is not specified.

share|cite|improve this question
Closure in what ? – Selim Ghazouani May 15 '12 at 9:06
We have $\mathbb{R} \times \emptyset = \emptyset$. What would an element of it look like, otherwise? – Alastair Litterick May 15 '12 at 9:08
@morphism Your question is not even well-defined. The closure and interior of a set must be defined inside of something. – user38268 May 15 '12 at 9:10
@Benjamin: It’s entirely reasonable to assume that the ambient space is $\Bbb R^2$ with the usual topology. – Brian M. Scott May 15 '12 at 9:12
I don’t know (or want to know) who voted to close, but this is most certainly a real question, and although it could be stated more clearly, I think that it gives adequate context to make the intended interpretation clear. – Brian M. Scott May 15 '12 at 9:14
up vote 6 down vote accepted

Either you’ve phrased the given answers unclearly, or at least one of them is wrong: the closures of $\Bbb R\times\Bbb R$ and $\Bbb R\times\Bbb Q$ are both $\Bbb R\times\Bbb R$, since every non-empty open subset of $\Bbb R\times\Bbb R$ intersects both $\Bbb R\times\Bbb R$ and $\Bbb R\times\Bbb Q$. The interior of $\Bbb R\times\Bbb R$ is also $\Bbb R\times\Bbb R$: $\Bbb R\times\Bbb R$ is itself an open set in $\Bbb R\times\Bbb R$. The only one of the four that is $\varnothing$ is the interior of $\Bbb R\times\Bbb Q$.

$\Bbb R\times\varnothing$ does indeed make sense as a set: by definition it’s $\{\langle x,y\rangle:x\in\Bbb R\text{ and }y\in\varnothing\}$, which is clearly just $\varnothing$, since there are no $y\in\varnothing$. Thus, $\Bbb R\times\varnothing$ actually does turn out to be the right answer after simplification. And it is true in general that $$\operatorname{int}(A\times B)=(\operatorname{int}A)\times(\operatorname{int}B)\;,$$ though this is something that does require proof.

share|cite|improve this answer

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.