The question is as in title. By acl-dimension I understand the cardinality of maximal acl-independent set (well-defined for strongly minimal theories). By minimal I understand that there is no equivalent model of smaller dimension.
It is easy to find examples where it is 0, 1 or $\aleph_0$ (algebraic closure of rationals, rationals as a vector space over themselves, and a countably infinite dimensional vector space over a finite field), and any case can be reduced to 0 or $\aleph_0$, possibly by adding finitely many constant symbols (names for the elements of a basis), and by of course it cannot be more than $\aleph_0$, but I can't seem to think of an example with minimal dimension which is finite, but greater than 1.
I believe it can also be shown that in a strongly minimal model, any infinite, algebraically closed subset is the universe of an elementary substructure, so the question can be restated as the following: what are the possible minimal dimensions of infinite sets in strongly minimal models?