Mathematics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

What I remember from economics about input/output analysis is that it basically analyses the interdependencies between business sectors and demand. If we use matrices we have $A$ as the input-output matrix, $I$ as an identity matrix and $d$ as final demand. In order to find the final input $x$ we may solve the Leontief Inverse:

$$ x = (I-A)^{-1}\cdot d $$

So here's my question: Is there a simple rationale behind this inverse? Especially when considering the form:

$$ (I-A)^{-1} = I+A + A^2 + A^3\ldots $$

What happens if we change an element $a_{i,j}$ in $A$? How is this transmitted within the system? And is there decent literature about this behaviour around? Thank you very much for your help!

share|cite|improve this question

migrated from May 2 '12 at 8:06

This question came from our site for professional and academic economists and analysts.

Thanks to your question, I learnt about Input-Output Analysis. I found the following paper which might be related to your question: titled "TECHNICAL COEFFICIENTS CHANGE BY BI-PROPORTIONAL ECONOMETRIC ADJUSTMENT FUNCTION" – phaedrus Jan 7 '12 at 7:04
thanks for the comment but i think that's not quite what i was looking for. – Seb Jan 18 '12 at 8:34

The equation you are concerned with relates total output $x$ to intermediate output $Ax$ plus final output $d$, $$ x = Ax + d $$.

If the inverse $(I - A)^{-1}$ exists, then a unique solution to the equation above exists. Note that some changes of $a_{ij}$ may cause a determinate system to become indeterminate, meaning there can be many feasible production plans.

Also, increasing $a_{ij}$ is equivalent to increasing the demand by sector $i$ for the good produced by sector $j$. Thus, as sector $i$ produces more, it will consume more of sector $j$'s goods in its production process.

share|cite|improve this answer

This question has languished. At the level the question was asked, there is now a short, useful lecture available:

If this information is insufficient, perhaps a followup question would be appropriate.

share|cite|improve this answer

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.