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I have a sister that is interested in learning "what I do". I'm a 17 years old math loving person, but I don't know how to explain integrals and derivatives with some type of analogies.

I just want to explain it well so that in the future she could remember what I say to her.

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What have you tried? (Just kidding!) Didn't the explanations: "The derivative realtes to the slope of a function." and "The integral is related to the area under the function." help? –  draks ... Apr 25 '12 at 6:29
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Even a bright ten year old may not have encountered the word slope, or function, or much Cartesian graphing! –  user29743 Apr 25 '12 at 6:29
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I have a 7 year old brother myself, and he always asks me this question ; but I'm still at the stage of explaining to him how to compute exponents... (which is quite brilliant for his age, though!) Keep up the good work! –  Patrick Da Silva Apr 25 '12 at 6:33
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Call Chuck Norris! –  Tomarinator Apr 25 '12 at 11:51
    
@countinghaus Right. What about explaining slope with the effort it takes to climb up a hill? –  draks ... Apr 26 '12 at 18:14

4 Answers 4

up vote 1 down vote accepted

Isn't there a way to describe with drawings that the derivative is the limit of the slopes of the secants, that the integral is the area under a curve, and that the derivative of the area is the height of the function at the point at which you compute derivative? Sure, she might not know what "slope" means, but certainly you can explain that to her if she has the patience ; she's not too far away from it mathematically.

If you make "clear enough" drawings, I think geometry is a good enough analogy to explain what you do. If you put in contexts where derivatives apply (physics/chemistry/economics), I think your little sister will just look at too many pictures at the same time and get lost in what you're saying. Try to be patient and stick to the "closest-to-the-real-picture portrait" of derivatives and integrals.

Oh, and one more thing ; if she isn't interested in what you do, don't lose your time. Only do it if she has the courage to listen to you, remember that mathematics are pure pain to the closed ears.

Hope that helps,

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Explain derivatives using the speedometer ! Ask her how one could find the speed of something , and if she goes saying the average speed , ask her how one could calculate the instantaneous speed. And boom , there comes your derivatives.

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This is a question for a long car journey - both speed and distance travelled are available, and the relationship between the two can be explored and sampled, and later plotted and examined. And the questions as to why both speed and distance are important can be asked etc

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I remember the explanation I was always given..

"Do you know how to find the area of a circle"

"Yes"

"Well, do you know how to find an area of a random curved figure?"

"No"

"That is what we use calculus for".

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