In any formal system S that is susceptible to Godel's proof, we can make a formula G which is undecidable. That should mean that we can add either $G$ or $\neg G$ as an axiom to S and still end up with a consistent system, but I'm not sure exactly how $S + \neg G$ can be consistent.
So, $G$ says: "There does not exist a number $n$, which is the Godel number for a proof of $G$." If G were provable, it would be false, and the system would be inconsistent (because $G$ implies $\neg G$). If $\neg G$ were provable, however, the system does not have to be blatantly inconsistent, but only omega-inconsistent. $\neg G$ says "There does exist a number $n$, which is the Godel number for a proof of $G$." But it doesn't specify what that number is. So S can still have theorems: "1 does not prove $G$", "2 does not prove $G$", "3 does not prove $G$" and so on, and it would only be omega-inconsistent (since there is no provable statement that is blatantly the negation of another). But we assume that $S$ is omega-consistent, so we are forced to conclude that $G$ is undecidable. Okay. (as a side-note, I thought that Godel's proof didn't need the assumption of omega-consistency, but it seems required here ... ?)
Now, I understand what happens when you add $G$ to S. In this new $S+G$ system, $G$ says, "There is no number which is the Godel number of a proof for $G$ in S", which is, of course, true (and presumably consistent).
But in $S + \neg G$, $\neg G$ says "There is a number which is the Godel number of a proof for $G$ in S"; yet, since every provable statement of $G$ is also provable in $S + \neg G$, this new system will also say "1 does not prove $G$ in S", "2 does not prove $G$ in S", ... and so on. So isn't $S + \neg G$ omega-inconsistent? And doesn't that go against the idea that we should be able to add either $G$ or $\neg G$ to S and still end up with a consistent system? Does that "consistency promise" not extend to omega-consistency? If not, isn't there a "logically better" way to extend S, even though both extensions are possible?