# Why one would want to normalize a matrix by dividing it by its Frobenius norm?

I am currently reading a scientific paper about clustering of brain signals, which consist on long time series across many channels (each signal is a matrix of C channels by T time samples). In the preprocessing of their datas, the authors normalize each signal matrix by dividing it with its Frobenius norm. My problem is that they don't even say why they do so... is this so obvious that I can't see it?

Any thought?

Thanks!

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This is difficult to answer without knowing more about what they do with the matrix once they normalize it. –  Rahul Apr 13 '12 at 18:08
Clustering ! :) Precisely, ascendant hierarchical clustering using Ward's method. –  CTZStef Apr 13 '12 at 18:15

@CTZStef, Emre: Another good reason to use the Frobenius norm is that operator norms like the spectral norm make sense for linear transformations, but the matrix in question doesn't really represent a linear transformation. It's just a collection of $C\times T$ samples. So it makes sense to compute its norm as a vector in $\mathbb R^{C\times T}$, which happens to be the Frobenius norm of the corresponding matrix. –  Rahul Apr 13 '12 at 22:55