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test the exactness of the O.D.E $(4xy+2x^2 y)dx+(2x^3+3y^2)dy=0$ and hence find the potential function which is the general solution.I tried to solve it and I reached ending up failing to get the integrating factor.please help me

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Does the close-form expression exist for this ODE? – Jack Apr 13 '12 at 7:16
This question has been solved perfectly. Hope that the asker has been diving enough and accept the answer at an early date. – doraemonpaul Sep 10 '12 at 1:45

Consider $$I(x,y)dx + J(x,y)dy = 0.$$ If this is an exact ODE we should be able to find a potential function $F(x,y)$ such that $$\frac{\partial}{\partial x}F(x,y) = I(x,y) = 4xy + 2x^2y$$ and $$\frac{\partial}{\partial y}F(x,y) = J(x,y) = 2x^3 + 3y^2.$$ We also know by Clairaut's theorem that the mixed partial derivatives should be equal, i.e. $$\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x \partial y} F(x,y) = \frac{\partial^2}{\partial y \partial x} F(x,y).$$ Equivalently, $$\frac{\partial}{\partial y} I(x,y) = \frac{\partial}{\partial x} J(x,y).$$ This is very useful, since it makes it easy to check whether or not an ODE is exact. $$\frac{\partial}{\partial y} I(x,y) = 4x + 2x^2$$ $$\frac{\partial}{\partial x} J(x,y) = 6x^2$$ These two expressions are not equal, so we conclude that this is not an exact ODE.

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OK, that shows it's not exact, but then OP asks for an integrating factor. Got one? – Gerry Myerson Apr 15 '12 at 9:38
@wolfram;Thanks for help.Still I can't solve it, may you give me more help on that? – Mwalyaje Apr 20 '12 at 18:30
+1 for cool nick – leo May 23 '12 at 4:04




Let $y=xu$,

Then $\dfrac{dy}{dx}=x\dfrac{du}{dx}+u$

$\therefore x\dfrac{du}{dx}+u=-\dfrac{4x^2u+2x^3u}{2x^3+3x^2u^2}$





This belongs to an Abel equation of the second kind

Check whether this ODE satisfy the special case in



$\therefore$ not satisfy the special case in

Let $v=x+\dfrac{3u^2+4}{4}$,

Then $x=v-\dfrac{3u^2+4}{4}$






In fact, all Abel equation of the second kind can be transformed into Abel equation of the first kind.

Let $v=\dfrac{1}{w}$,

Then $\dfrac{dv}{du}=-\dfrac{1}{w^2}\dfrac{dw}{du}$



Please follow the method in

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