I can find good explanations of how the disjoint union topology is constructed, but I am confused about how things such as complements, boundaries, limit points, etc. are to be understood in this context. For example, suppose we have two spaces, P and M and create their disjoint Union X with the disjoint union topology. It would seem that subsets of P and M must then be subsets of X that are disjoint. However, do they need to be separate as well or could a subset of P have limit points in a subset of M? With what open sets would the limit points be defined? How about the closure or boundary of unions of subsets of P and M? It seems from what I have been able to find that you could not define an open set in X that did not already exist in P or M, so I am confused. Any clarification or a pointer to a relevant treatment would be greatly appreciated.