# Integers in sets- sorting

Moderator Note: At the time that this question was posted, it was from an ongoing contest. The relevant deadline has now passed.

Imagine that the integers are split into sets $A$, $B$, $C$ with the restriction that the negative of an integer belonging to $A$ should belong to $B$, and ineteger that can be represented as the sum of two integers belonging to $B$ should be in $A$. It is fairly simple to show that the converse of both these restrictions should also hold true- the negative of an integer in $B$ is in $A$ and the sum of two integers in $A$ is in $B$.

In what sorts of ways can we arrange all integers in these sets?

-
Your example doesn't work, as the sums of elements of $B$ (positive integers) aren't in $A$ (negative integers). – jwodder Apr 6 '12 at 0:44

I interpret "split" as meaning $A$, $B$, $C$ must be disjoint and nonempty. Let $a_0$ be the member of $A$ with least absolute value. Then for integers $k$, $k a_0 \in A$ if $k \equiv 1 \mod 3$, $B$ if $k \equiv 2 \mod 3$, $C$ if $k \equiv 0 \mod 3$.
Moreover, every integer not a multiple of $a_0$ must be in $C$.
Yes, the problem is symmetric in $A$ and $B$, and $B = -A$. – Robert Israel Apr 15 '12 at 5:51