# Equation of a circle

What is the most general parametric representation of a circle?

The best I can come up with is $(x,y)=(a+R\cos(\omega t +\theta), b+R\sin(\omega t +\theta))$

I hope this question is not too elementary for this site!

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What do you mean by "most general"? – Mariano Suárez-Alvarez Apr 1 '12 at 20:00
@MarianoSuárez-Alvarez: The most number of constants free for us to set, in other words, maximizing the number constants like $a,b,R, \omega, \theta$ to give an expression that still gives a circle. – elementary Apr 1 '12 at 20:10
You can always do silly things like $$t\mapsto\bigl(\cos(a t^5+bt^4+ct^3+dt^2+et+f),\sin(a t^5+bt^4+ct^3+dt^2+et+f)\bigr)$$ in order to involve more constants... – Mariano Suárez-Alvarez Apr 1 '12 at 20:12
Does it matter whether the circles are different? The $\theta$ in your version is simply equivalent to a shift in the value of $t$. – Mark Bennet Apr 1 '12 at 20:38

The family of all circles in the plane can be viewed as a manifold of dimension $3$. Roughly, this is because we can specify each circle unequivocably using three real numbers (the two coordinates of its center and its radius)
The parametrization you gave involves $\omega$ and $\theta$ which only introduce redundancies, and many more redundancies can be introduced as in my comment above: as a consequence, so it does not make much sense to consider that idea.
If by «circular path» you mean an arbitrary way to trace the curve of a circle, then there are infinitely many paramateres needed: the set of all functions $\mathbb R\to\mathbb R^2$ whose image is a circle is an "infinite dimensional manifold", for an appropriate meaning of this term. – Mariano Suárez-Alvarez Apr 1 '12 at 20:25