# Connected But Not Path-Connected?

Can you think of any spaces that are connected but not path connected apart from the Topologist's Sine Curve?

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Here are a whole bunch from $\pi$-Base, a searchable version of Steen and Seebach's Counterexamples in Topology. You can visit the search result to learn more about any of these spaces.

An Altered Long Line

A Pseudo-Arc

Cantor's Leaky Tent

Closed Topologist's Sine Curve

Countable Complement Extension Topology

Countable Complement Topology

Double Pointed Countable Complement Topology

Finite Complement Topology on a Countable Space

Gustin's Sequence Space

Indiscrete Irrational Extension of $\mathbb{R}$

Indiscrete Rational Extension of $\mathbb{R}$

Irrational Slope Topology

Lexicographic Ordering on the Unit Square

Nested Angles

One Point Compactification of the Rationals

Pointed Irrational Extension of $\mathbb{R}$

Pointed Rational Extension of $\mathbb{R}$

Relatively Prime Integer Topology

Roy's Lattice Space

Smirnov's Deleted Sequence Topology

The Extended Long Line

The Infinite Broom

The Infinite Cage

Topologist's Sine Curve

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Spacebook's great, thanks a lot for doing this! (I noticed a small typo in your database: in the list of properties you have "Extrmally Disconnected".) – t.b. Jun 27 '12 at 10:56
Spacebook has been phased out in favor of $\pi$-Base, so I've updated the answer to point there. – Austin Mohr Jul 12 '14 at 18:46

Another standard example is the extended long line. Counterexamples in Topology will have more, but my copy isn't to hand right now.

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Nice example!___ – George Lowther Mar 26 '12 at 20:53

An example of a connected space that is not path-connected is the deleted comb space: $$(\{0\} \times \{0,1\}) \cup (K \times [0,1]) \cup ([0,1] \times \{0\})$$ where $K = \{ \frac{1}{n} \mid n \in \mathbb{N} \}$

Taken from here.

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The canonical example is the extended long line. You can think of the regular line $[0,\infty)$ as the product of $[0,1)$ and $\omega$ in the dictionary order topology—effectively, a countable number of copies of $[0, \infty)$ pasted end-to-end.

The long line is the same way, except that instead of a countable number of copies you use an uncountable number of copies: take $[0, 1)\times\omega_1$ in the dictionary order topology, where $\omega_1$ is the smallest uncountable ordinal. Then to get the extended long line, you add one more point $p$ onto the far end. It's clearly connected, but it isn't path-connected because the path from any finite point, say $(1/2, 1)$, is too far from $p$ for the path between them to be the image of $[0,1]$.

The book Counterexamples in Topology by Seebach and Steen is good for answering questions like this.

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The long line is path connected. All locally path connected and connected spaces are path connected. – George Lowther Mar 26 '12 at 20:47
@George: The space I described is not locally path-connected in a neighborhood of the extra point $p$. – MJD Mar 26 '12 at 20:49
I think I misunderstood what you meant. Shouldn't this be called the extended long line (or ray)? I don't think the long line has an extra point added at the end. – George Lowther Mar 26 '12 at 20:56
@George: That is my fault. I will edit the reply. Thanks for pointing out that I misspoke. – MJD Mar 26 '12 at 20:58
Ah, ok, I agree that this is a valid example now. – George Lowther Mar 26 '12 at 21:02