Let $T$ be a bounded linear operator on $L^2(\mathbb R)$. So, let us now assume that $T$ commutes with the translations $\tau_x$. How do I now show that $T$ is given by a convolution with respect to a distribution?
By the way, I know I can probably find the proof somewhere in one of Stein's books, but I would like to prove it myself without knowing what it should be but I'm struggling a bit. So I would like some hints. Especially I would like a method of deriving the result without knowing what it should be. If that is not possible, an intuitive argument why it should be true would be nice as well.