# Uniqueness of Characterstic Functions in Probability

According to Wikipedia, a characteristic function completely determines the properties of a probability distribution. This means it must be unique. However, the definition given is:

$$\text{Char of }X (t)=E[e^itX]$$

Now $e^{iz}$ repeats for every $2 \pi$ increase in $z$. So how can it be unique?

-

On second thought, it appears you're asking how it's possible, considering that e^ix is not injective (i.e., multiple x can have the same value of e^ix), that the original distribution can be completely recovered from the characteristic function. The answer to that is that you're probably missing the "t" in the expression: the characteristic function is a function of t, and although for a given value of t (e.g. t=1), the random variables $X$ and $X+2k\pi/t$ would have the same value of the characteristic function at that point, they would have different values at other t. So the characteristic functions are different, and yes, the distribution can be completely recovered from the characteristic function.