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As the question states I am trying to find $\frac{d^2V}{dq^2}$ of $3V^2+2q=2Vq$. I managed the first derivative and got: $$\frac{dV}{dq}=\frac{V-1}{3V-q}$$ However, when I did the second derivative I got: $$\frac{d^2V}{dq^2}=\frac{(V-1)(3V-2q+3)}{(3V-q)^3}$$ Which may or may not be right. What I am wondering about is: the book gives the answer $$\frac{d^2V}{dq^2}=\frac{(2q-3V-3)}{(1-V)^2}$$ How can I simplify my answer to get what they got, or in the case that my answer is completely wrong, could someone explain how to get to their answer.

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up vote 2 down vote accepted

I think your book is wrong. I got the same first and second derivatives as you did.

Now solving for $V$ from the original equation, we get $$V_{1,2} = \frac{q \pm \sqrt{q^2 - 6q}}{3}.$$

Let's try $q = 8$. Then $V_1 = 4$ and $V_2 = 4/3$. Then according to the second derivative you, I, and bgins computed

$$V_1''(8) = \frac{(4-1)(3\cdot4+3-2\cdot8)}{(3\cdot4-8)^3} = \frac3{64}$$

$$V_2''(8) = \frac{(4/3-1)(3\cdot4/3+3-2\cdot8)}{(3\cdot4/3-8)^3} = \frac3{64}$$

According to your book's second derivative,

$$V_1''(8) = \frac{2\cdot8-3\cdot4-3}{(1-4)^2} = \frac19$$

$$V_2''(8) = \frac{2\cdot8-3\cdot4/3-3}{(1-4/3)^2} = 81 $$

This does not match, so there is no way to reconcile your book's answer with yours, no matter what additional constraint we add on $V$.

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If you differentiate $$ 3VV'+1=V+qV', $$ (from which your $V'$ follows) you get $$ 3(V')^2+3VV''=2V'+qV'' $$ $$ \eqalign{ V'' &=\frac{V'(2-3V')}{3V-q}\\ &=\frac{(V-1)(2-3V')}{(3V-q)^2}\\ &=\frac{(V-1)(3V+3-2q)}{(3V-q)^3}.\\ } $$ You did it right. The question is whether $V-1=3V-q$ (or their cubes are equal, which is the same thing since $y=x^3$ is invertible). Now you can use the quadratic equation to represent $V$ in terms of $q$, but if you work it out, it's completely different. I think the book solution is either wrong, or, if you notice, their formula is really $$-\frac{V''}{(V')^3}.$$ Have they told you that $V'=-1$ by any chance?

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Thanks for the answer! And, no, they did not say that $V'=-1$. – E.O. Mar 19 '12 at 0:02

I get the same for $V''$ as you do. To simplify, use $2q(V-1) = 3V^2$, i.e.

$$\frac{(V-1)(3V-2q+3)}{(3V-q)^3} = \frac{3(V-1)(V+1) - 3V^2}{(3V-q)^3} = \frac{-3}{(3V-q)^3}$$ which I think looks nicer than the book's answer.

(See the other answer, something looks wrong or incomplete with the given answer.)

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