# Why is every conformal bijection between disks a linear fractional transformation?

Why is every conformal bijection between disks actually a linear fractional transformation?

I thought I could justify this claim with the following idea.

Suppose $f$ is a conformal bijection from a disk $A$ to a disk $B$. Let $z_0\in A$ be arbitrary. Now there is a LFT $g$ from the unit disk to $A$ mapping 0 to $z_0$. Also, there is a LFT $h$ from the unit disk to $B$ mapping $0$ to $f(z_0)$. So altogether, $F=h^{-1}\circ f\circ g$ is a bijection on the unit disk fixing $0$, so by Schwarz' lemma, $|F(z)|\leq |z|$. Since $F^{-1}$ shares the same property, we have $|F^{-1}(F(z))=|z|\leq |F(z)|$, so $|F(z)|=|z|$, so by Schwarz' lemma, $F(z)=cz$ for some $c$. So $F$ is a LFT, and thus $f$ is as well.

Is this valid? I was surprised to conclude $|F(z)|=|z|$ for all $z$, I wasn't expecting to find $F$ to be an isometry. Thanks all.

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If you're proposing $F$ is a rotation, it shouldn't surprise you that $|F(x)|=|z|$. I believe the proof in books is similar to what you've written. – ShawnD Mar 15 '12 at 3:17
The conformity of a linear fractional transformation is dependent on that it preserves circles. – mathon Jul 14 '12 at 8:17

Yes this is valid. ${}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}$