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How does one show that any finite-state time homogenous Markov Chain has at least one stationary distribution in the sense of $\pi = \pi Q$ where $Q$ is the transition matrix and $\pi$ is the stationary distribution? My instinct is it involved eigenvalues and the Perron Frobenius theorem but I'm having trouble completing the argument.

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up vote 4 down vote accepted

There are a number of ways to prove this. In a recent article "What is a stationary measure?", Alex Furman outlines a straightforward proof using only linear algebra. He notes that the existence of an invariant probability measure also follows from the Brouwer fixed point theorem.

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