Take the 2-minute tour ×
Mathematics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Let $G$ a planar graph and $e$ an edge of $G$. Describe a way (method) to give a planar embedding of the graph such that $e$ is in the outer face of the graph.

Any help?

Thank you!

share|improve this question

1 Answer 1

Draw the graph on a sphere. Declare a point next to the chosen edge to be the north pole and project the sphere stereographically to a plane.

share|improve this answer
Can you explain a little more your idea? –  passenger Feb 10 '12 at 21:01
Draw your graph on the sphere. Your edge $e$ divides two faces. Choose one of these two faces. Now imagine the sphere made of very elastic rubben, make a small hole to the chosen face and blow into it. Enlarge the hole and flatten the balloon (the sphere) to adhere to the plane. The face you chosed is now the outer face of the graph. –  Mario Stefanutti Feb 11 '12 at 18:41
It would help, passenger, if you would indicate just exactly what part(s) of Henning's answer require more explanation. –  Gerry Myerson Feb 12 '12 at 2:15

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.