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What are some interesting sequences that contain infinitely many primes?

If it takes form of a polynomial, Dirichlet's theorem answer the question completely for linear polynomial. What about polynomials of degree more than 1? Is there a known polynomial of degree more than 1 that contains infinitely many primes?

What about more complicated sequences like $2^n+3^n$, $n!+1$, etc?

Please provide examples that are as interesting as possible, accompanied with proofs (or reference to proofs) if not too difficult.

Thanks in advanced.

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Bunyakovsky conjecture –  pedja Feb 6 '12 at 10:17

2 Answers 2

Look here

The formula is, unfortunately, of little practical value because the constant must be known to tremendous many digits to produce $15-20$ primes, and the sequence grwos too fast, but theoretically, it is beautiful.

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A polynomial formula for the primes (with 26 variables) was presented by Jones, J., Sato, D., Wada, H. and Wiens, D. (1976). Diophantine representation of the set of prime numbers. American Mathematical Monthly, 83, 449-464.

The set of prime numbers is identical with the set of positive values taken on by the polynomial


as the variables range over the nonnegative integers.

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