Suppose you calculate the first few (dozen, hundred) digits of a number which you believe to be a rational number. You can calculate the continued fraction for the number and truncate after a large number:
$$ 0.67272727272727745455778089309\approx[0; 1, 2, 17, 1, 69929887587, 5, 1, 1, 2, 2] $$
is probably $[0; 1, 2, 17, 1]=37/55.$
I'm wondering if there is a similarly good method for finding an algebraic number, ideally one that I can use in some computer system since large numbers are hard to work with by hand.